In regards to relevant spatial, physical, and socio-economic conditions, distinct functional zonesincluding commercial, industry, residential, and transport infrastructure can be formed as a cityexpands. In order to investigate the fieldwork question: “Are the principal models of urbanstructure reflected in the urban morphology of Basel?” a variety of data types were collected inrelation to the Urban Environments Syllabus for Basel.
Basel is a particularly interesting region to investigate because of its geographical location. Theheart of Basel is located around the river Rhine in northwestern Switzerland where the French andGerman borders meet, lying between Germany’s Black Forest, Swiss Jura, and the Vosges in Alsace. Due to the nearby boundaries, urban sprawl is drastically reduced within Basel. As a result, the citytends to follow a very systematic and logical structure in regards to zoning and the region’s localmorphology. While no city perfectly adheres to the structure outlined by the Burgess ConcentricRing, Hoyt’s Sector, or the Ullman and Harris multiple-nuclei model, there are features of Basel thatresemble these principal models. Moreover, the significant transportation infrastructure throughoutBasel aids in systematic development. For instance, zoning dedicated to roads (such as highwayA2) can support growth similar to Ullman and Harris, whereas Basel’s network of trams and publictransportation heavily supports Hoyt’s Sector model, such as substantial residential developmentseen along the 10 Tram line.
It is following these unique characteristics of Basel that the investigated hypotheses are based on,therefore this essay aims to explore the relationship between: Pedestrian Count, Traffic Congestion,and Building Height in regards to the constantly evolving urban morphology of Basel, Switzerland.